当前位置: 首页 > 高一 > 学习指导 Unit 5 The silver screen

学习指导 Unit 5 The silver screen

2008年10月13日 10:33:27 来源:教师Office 访问量:356
  一? 词汇过关
  1. career
  【用法】 用作可数名词,意为“事业;职业;经历;生涯”?例如:
  He had a very successful career. 他的事业很成功?
  There are many more careers open to women now than 50 years ago.现在向妇女开放的工作比50年前更多了?
  career可作定语,表示“职业的;有事业心的”?例如:
  He’s a career teacher? it’s the only job he’s ever done.他是个职业教师,这是他做过的唯一的工作?
  a career youth有事业心的青年
  2. scene
  【用法】 用作名词,意为“(故事或事情发生的)地方”?例如:
  This is the scene of the accident which happened last night.这是昨夜发生事故的地方?
  scene还可表示“剧中的布景;场面”?例如:
  We missed the first few scenes of the movie.电影开始的几个场景我们没看到?
  scene还有“风景;景象”的意思,例如:
  Taxis and buses are part of the street scenes.出租车和公共汽车是街道风景的一部分?
  【搭配】 behind the scenes 到后台;在幕后;暗中操纵come / appear on the scene 出现亮相on the scene在现场;到现场
  3. choice
  【用法】 用作可数名词,意为“选择;抉择”?例如:
  We each had to make a choice. 我们每人都不得不做出选择?
  choice用作名词,还可具体化,表示“选择的人或东西”?例如:
  He is the first choice for the job.他是干这一工作首选的人?
  choice用作形容词时,表示“精选的;高级的”?例如:
  I bought some choice apples in the market. 我昨天在市场上买了些上等的苹果?
  【搭配】 have no choice but to do 不得不做某事
  We had no choice but to do what we were asked to. 我们没有办法,只好要我们干什么就什么?
  4. degree
  【用法】 用作名词,表示“度数;量度”?例如:
  The summer months have an average temperature of more than 30 degrees centigrade.夏天平均温度超过30摄氏度?
  The temperature today is two degrees hotter than yesterday.今天气温比昨天高2度?
  表示“程度;阶段”,常构成搭配“to a ...degree 到……程度;在……程度上”?例如:
  The students show various degrees of skill in doing the experiments.学生们在实验时表现出各种不同的技巧?
  I agree with you to some degree.在一定程度上我同意你的观点?
  表示“学位”?例如:
  He took his degree in physics at the university last year. 他去年在大学里获得了物理学位?
  He passed his examinations and now he has the degree of Master.他通过了考试,现在他拿到了硕士学位?
  【搭配】 by degrees (=little by little? gradually)一点一点地;逐渐地to a ... degree (= to a ... extent? in a ... way)到……程度;在……程度上in ... degree在……程度上;以……程度
  5. speed
  【用法】 用作名词,意为“速度;速率”?例如:
  The car is running at a speed of eighty miles an hour.小汽车正以每小时80英里的速度行驶?
  The speed of the car was frightening.这辆小汽车的速度很吓人?
  用作动词,表示“急行;赶快去;迅速地离开?移动或前进”,其过去式?过去分词为sped?例如:
  The train sped through the countryside. 火车飞驰而过乡间?
  The time sped quickly by. 时间飞快地过去?
  【搭配】 with great speed以很快速度 at top (full, low, safe, high, ordinary) speed 以最高速度/ 以全速/ 以低速/ 以安全的速度/ 以高速/ 以一般的速度
  【辨析】 at a speed of表示“以……速度”,后常接具体的数字;但如以某个事物的速度为参照, 则为at the speed of, 要用定冠词?试比较:
  at a speed of 100 kilometres an hour以每小时100公里的速度
  at the speed of sound 以声速
  6. owe
  【用法】 用作及物动词?意为“欠(钱?物?债等)”,后常接双宾语,即owe sb. sth. 或owe sth. to sb. ?例如:
  He owes me five dollars.他欠我五美元?
  I owed John 60 dollars when I was in Paris. 我在巴黎时,欠约翰60美元?
  常与to连用,表示“归功于……;由于……”?例如:
  She owes her success to good luck.她把她的成功归功于幸运?
  If I have improved in any way, I owe it all to my teacher.如果说我有一些进步,这应该全部归功于我的老师?
  owe还可表示“对……负有义务;感恩;感激”?例如:
  We should do the duty which we owe to our country. 我们应当对国家尽我们应尽的义务?
  We owe our parents a lot.我们十分感激父母?
  I owe you many thanks. 我非常感谢你?
  【拓展】 owing to表示原因,意为“由于;应归功于”?例如:
  Owing to our joint efforts, the task was fulfilled ahead of time.由于我们的共同努力,任务提前完成了?
  
  二? 短语突破
  1. take off脱下(衣服等);(飞机)起飞;匆匆离开;成功
  He took off his wet shoes. 他脱下了湿鞋子?
  The plane took off on time. It was a smooth take-off. 飞机准时起飞?起飞非常顺利?
  The six men got into the car and took off for the park. 这六个人上了车,匆匆离开去公园?
  2. go wrong 走错路;误入歧途;出毛病
  The sum is wrong, but I can’t see where I went wrong.总数错了,可是我看不出哪里错了?
  The machines go wrong. 机器出了毛病?
  【拓展】 go作为系动词时,常构成“go +adj.”结构,意为“转变成”,这个结构常表示情况由好变坏?除了go以外,come,run,get和become等也可作系动词,表示“变得”?例如:
  His dreams came true at last.他的梦想最后实现了?
  The famous river finally ran dry.这条著名的河流最后干涸了?
  3. in all 总共
  There are more than a thousand cars in all.总共有一千多辆车?
  Tom worked three days and earned 1, 000 dollars in all.汤姆干了三天,总共挣了一千美元?
  【辨析】 all in意为“精疲力竭的”,相当于exhausted?例如:
  He was all in at the end of the race. 赛跑结束时他精疲力竭了?
  4. lock up 锁上;把……关起来
  Will you lock up the house, please?请把房门锁起来好吗?
  People like that should be locked up.像这样的人应该被关起来?
  5. run after追逐;追求
  If you run after two hares, you will catch neither. 同时追两只兔子,你一只也抓不到?
  He’s always running after her.他一直在追求她?
  6. on the air广播
  We will be on the air in five minutes. 我们五分钟以后开始广播?
  This programme comes on the air at the same time every day. 这个节目每天在同一时间播出?
  【辨析】 in the air意为“在空中;在流传”?例如:
  There are rumours in the air.谣言四起?
  7. think highly of 对……评价很高;赞赏;对……印像好
  He was highly thought of by the manager.经理对他非常赞赏?
  I think highly of your suggestion. 我觉得你的建议很好?
  【拓展】 think highly of 中的highly可用well,much等副词来替换,也可用 badly,nothing,little,lowly等来表示“认为不好;不赞成;觉得……不怎么样 ”?例如:
  I don’t think much of him as a teacher.我觉得他作为一个老师不怎么样?
  8. take sb’s place(take the place of sb.)取代;代替某人
  While I am away,you take my place. 我不在时,你代替我?
  【拓展】take place 发生 take one’s place就座
  
  三? 句式解析
  1. After graduating, she went to New York, where she started working as an actress and won the theater World Award for her role in a play.毕业后,她去了纽约?在那儿她开始了演艺生涯,并因为在一部戏剧中的角色而获得了世界戏剧奖?
  (1) after graduating是介词+动词-ing形式构成的介词短语,它在句中作状语,相当于一个时间状语从句,即After she graduated ...? 例如:
  After finishing (=After he finished) his homework, the boy went out for a walk. 完成作业后,这个男孩出去散步了?
  (2)where引导的非限制性定语从句修饰New York;as在这里作介词,意为“作为”?例如:
  As a writer, he is wonderful but as a teacher he’s not very good. 作为作家,他很出色,但当教师却做得不怎么好?
  2. When Spielberg was young, his dream was to go to the Film Academy, but he couldn’t. The reason why he could not go there was that his grades were too low.小时候,斯皮尔柏格的梦想是进入电影学院,但没有去成,因为他的分数太低?
  (1) 第一个分句中“to go to the Film Academy”不定式作表语,动词不定式做表语一般用来说明主语的性质或内容?例如:
  Her job is to look after the children.她的工作是照料这些孩子?
  (2) 在reason 做先行词的定语从句中,若从句表原因,一般用why引导定语从句,why可以用for which替换?why还可省去?例如:
  The reason why (for which) he has resigned is poor health. 他辞职的理由是健康状况不佳?
  当reason 做主语带有定语从句修饰时,其后的表语从句通常用that不用because?例如:
  The reason why he didn’t come in time was that he didn’t feel well.他没有来的原因是他不舒服?
  当reason 用作定语从句的宾语时,引导词用that / which, 而且that / which可省去?例如:
  The reason (that / which ) he gave for being late was that they were held up in a traffic jam. 他给出的迟到原因是他们被交通堵塞给耽误了?
  3. After that it still took seven years before they finally got married. 从那以后,仍然过了七年他们才结婚?
  (1) that指代前文提到的情况?take在这里作花费(时间,劳力),如果是动词不定式当主语通常以it作其形式主语?例如:
  The game took five hours. 那场比赛用了五个小时?
  How long will it take you to finish the work? 你要花多长时间才能完成那项工作?
  It takes (sb.) some time to do sth.表示“某人花多少时间干某事”,其中it是形式主语,代指后面的不定式?例如:
  It took them three years to build the dam.他们花了三年时间建造这座大坝?
  (2) before在这里作连词,意为“……之后才……”?例如:
  But it will be more than 100 years before the country begins once again to look as it did before.但要经过100多年后,这个国家才能恢复到以前的那个样子?
  4. When she hears that Huike has gone to town, she becomes very worried and makes it her most important task to bring Huike back safely.当听说慧科去了城里,她非常担心,并把慧科安全带回学校视作自己最重要的任务?
  句中的“makes it her most important task to bring ...”,其结构是make + 代词 + 名词+动词不定(短语),即make接动词不定式(短语)作宾语,但因太长,所以用it去作形式宾语;其中的名词作宾补,真正的宾语是后面的不定式短语“to bring Huike back safely”?it作形式宾语时可以代替三种形式:不定式;动词-ing形式或宾语从句?例如:
  Tom didn’t find it very difficult to write letters in Chinese.汤姆发现用汉语写信不很难?(it代替不定式短语)
  The professor considers it no good reading without understanding.这位教授认为阅读而不理解没有益处?(it代替动词-ing形式)
  The parents think it a pity that their daughter didn’t pass the examination.父母认为他们的女儿没通过考试是个遗憾?(it代替从句)
编辑:李风
评论区
发表评论

评论仅供会员表达个人看法,并不表明网校同意其观点或证实其描述
教育部 中国现代教育网 不良信息 垃圾信息 网警110
贵州省安顺市平坝区红湖学校 版权所有中华人民共和国电信经营许可证 京ICP备13002626号-8
联系地址:贵州省安顺市平坝区红湖学校
京公网安备11010502032087
中国现代教育网 提供技术支持 违法和不良信息举报中心
Copyright 2006-2019 honghuxx.30edu.com.cn , All Rights Reserved
中国将军文化网 农垦牡丹江管理局高级中学 安徽省界首市杨小寨小学 绵阳市安州区河清镇小学 红旗岭农场学校 本溪满族自治县南甸中心校 本溪县教育局 静乐县杜家村学区 沅陵县思源实验学校 太康县城关镇建南小学 新晃一中 忻州市教育局 忻府区幼儿园 鹤壁技师学院 潜江浩口苏港初级中学 山西省忻州市幼儿园 忻州市实验幼儿园 福建省莆田砺成中学 汝南师范学校附属小学 宝鸡高新第一中学 手机版